Eco-Friendly Gardening also referred to as organic gardening or organic horticulture is the science of growing produce such as fruits and vegetables, as well as flowers and ornamental plants. Eco-Friendly Gardening follows the essential principals of organic agriculture, which includes soil building, conservation, pest management, and heirloom variety preservation.
Eco-Friendly Gardening relies on crop rotation, green manure, compost, biological pest control, and mechanic cultivation. This maintains soil productivity and controls pests. Eco-Friendly Gardening excludes the use of synthetic fertilizers and synthetic pesticides; plant growth regulators, livestock feed additives, and genetically modified organisms.
Eco-Friendly Gardening relies on four types of eco-friendly gardening supplies: organic seeds, organic fertilizers, and organic composts.
There are two types of composting, biodegradable and compostable materials. A biodegradable material is broken down under the action of organisms such as carbon dioxide, water, and biomass. At times, it takes a very long time for materials to biodegrade. This based on the environment (is the area arid or wet?) but in the end, the material breaks down completely. Many materials are in fact biodegradable and may be dealt with via bioremediation.
A compostable material biodegrades substantially under specific composting conditions. Instead of being broken down through micro-organisms (as in biodegrading), it is metabolized by microorganisms. This means that the organisms can be converted into humus. The size of the material is a large factor when deciding whether or not the material is capable of compostability. Mechanical particle size reduction can speed up the process. Large pieces of hardwood may not be compostable under a specific set of composting conditions, although sawdust of the same type of wood may be. Some biodegradable materials are only compostable under very specific conditions, usually with an industrial process.
Organic seeds are bred to grow well under organic conditions- or the carefully cultivated organic garden that you prepare for them. The resulting plants have high disease and pest resistance, high nutritional content, higher yield, and grow vigorously. Buying organic seeds also supports organic farming. This is especially positive for those who are interested in the bettering of the environment. Organic seeds are grown on organic farms by farmers committed to the organic process. Organic farming is a large part in the development of healthier solids and stronger plant stock.
Organic and inorganic fertilizers are referred to as manure, which comes from the French expression manual (of or belonging to the hand). This term is now restricted to organic manure. It is believed that organic agriculture methods are more environmentally friendly and better maintain soil organic matter levels. Many studies support this position. Organic fertilizer is derived from animal and vegetable matter. Naturally occurring organic fertilizers also include manure, slurry, worm castings, peat, seaweed, sewage and guano. Green manure crops are also grown to add nutrients to soil. Natural minerals are also used as organic fertilizers. Manufactured organic fertilizers include compost, blood meal, bone meal, and seaweed extracts. Fish meal and feather meal are also used. Decomposing crop residue from previous crops is also used as a source of fertility.